Study of teachers' readiness for health-preserving activities in primary school
The article determines the relevance of the problem of preserving the health of pupils, which states the degree of their viability, vitality, the ability to realize their potential biological and social functions. The essence of the basic concepts of the issue ("competence", "health", "health preservation", "health-preservation competence") are analyzed, their meanings are specified. The authors have developed a structure of health-preservation competence, which is based on the integration of knowledge, skills, values, personal values, aimed at maintaining physical, social, mental and spiritual health – individual (personal) and environmental. Based on the analysis of the psycho-pedagogical and methodological literature, it is pointed out that the effectiveness of pedagogical activity in the field of preserving and promoting the health of pupils depends directly on the level of appropriate teachers’ training. The structure of the teacher's readiness for the development of students' health-preservation competence is proposed, which consists of axiological, cognitive, activity and personal components. The results of complex monitoring of maintenance of health-preserving activities in general secondary education institutions are presented. Based on the analysis of the study of teachers' level of readiness for the development of health-preservation competence of elementary school pupils, it is concluded that the level of teachers' readiness for this type of activity is insufficient. The authors identified the main problems of organizational and methodological maintenance of health-preserving activities in general secondary education institutions, outlines directions for further research.
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