PEDAGOGICAL AND ARTISTIC IDEAS OF MODEST LEVYTSKYI
Keywords:Volyn, pedagogy, education, upbringing, medicine, social activity, patriotism, personality, art
The article is dedicated to the outstanding public figure, doctor, patriot, writer and composer Modest Levytskyi. Without exaggeration, his activity became a service to the people of Ukraine. Paradoxically, but dialectically, society (and pedagogy in particular) mostly turns its attention to titans, those who have left dozens of volumes of works behind. They were praised for years, and the inheritance became the subject of careful and scrupulous analysis. Nevertheless, the history of the state is rich in the names of those whose selfless work has become the key to educating generations of young people by Ukrainians. They had no place in the Soviet pantheon of education, because they were located in territories that fell under the jurisdiction of other states. Modest Levytskyi lived and worked in Volyn. And this territory was under Polish rule for many years. He was a Ukrainian, but he could not fully feel like one, because those who were not polonized after hundreds of years of the Polish-Lithuanian commonwealth were disparagingly called "lower rank". The processed literature gives an idea of the events of the beginning of the last century: constant wars, revolutions, coups. All these cataclysms swept across the land on which Levytskyi lived. He was well aware of the danger of assimilation of Ukrainians on his own native, but captured land.
Although Modest was called "father ..." "and grandfather of Volyn" during his lifetime, sometimes it seems that for modern science (literature, medicine, pedagogy, art) he is a representative of those who were called "shadows of forgotten ancestors". Nevertheless, it is within our reach to tell the public about this unique personality. Now the nuclear globalized era gives us heroes for one day, but Modest did not give us an inheritance in hard coins.
One of the writers wrote that human life becomes hell and torment there where two days, two cultures, two religions intersect. In front of Modest, the nineteenth century replaced the twentieth, the First World War took place, several coups, and the bloodiest tyrants in the history of mankind rushed to power. And only a few hundred intellectuals had hope for the independence of Ukraine in their hearts. This is probably a feat to defend the dream of reviving a nation that has been trampled into oblivion for centuries, when it seemed like he whole world was against it. And the memory of a courageous and honest person, teacher, artist, even if not in thick luxurious folios, is in the quiet truth, and in this mention of the life given to Ukraine.
Korsak, І. (2009). Tykha pravda Modesta Levytskoho [The Silent Truth of Modest Levitsky]. Kyiv, 165 [in Ukrainian].
Vydatni volyniany: Modest Levytskyi [Outstanding Volynians: Modest Levitsky]. (2017). Retrieved from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7LboFQrbOaA [in Ukrainian].
Wyrok na Sienkiewicza. (1908). Nowosci illustrowane. Krakow. RokV, № 21, 2 [in Polish].
Vaskiv, M. (2012). Svitlo i tini Henrika Senkevycha. "Vohnem i mechem": antyukrainskyi roman chy tvir dlia "zmitsnennia serdets"? [Light and shadow of Henryk Sienkiewicz. "Fire and Sword": an anti-Ukrainian novel or work for "smashing hearts"]. Retrieved from: https://m.day.kyiv.ua/uk/article/istoriya-i-ya/svitlo-i-tini-genrika-senkevicha [in Ukrainian].
Chernetska, N. (2016). Vnesok Modesta Levytskoho v zarodzhennia bandurnoho mystetstva na Volyni [Modest Levitsky's contribution to the birth of bandura art in Volyn]. Mynule i suchasne Volyni ta Polissia. Modest Levytskyi v istorii Ukrainy i Volyni ta problemy formuvannia intelektualnoi elity – Past and present of Volyn and Polissya. Modest Levitsky in the history of Ukraine and Volyn and the problems of forming an intellectual elite: nauk. zb. Materialiv Vseukr. nauk. istoryko-kraieznavchoi konf., prysviachenoi 150-richchiu vid dnia narodzhennia vidomoho ukrainskoho pysmennyka, pedahoha, derzhavnoho i hromadskoho diiacha Modesta Levytskoho (1866-1932) / uporiad. A. Syliuk. Lutsk, vyp. 60, 61-64 [in Ukrainian].
Dutchak, V. (2009-2010). Tvorcha diialnist Vasylia Yemtsia: syntez bandurnoho mystetstva ukrainskykh etnichnykh spilnot [Vasyl Yemets' creative activity: synthesis of bandura art of Ukrainian ethnic communities]. Visnyk Prykarpatskoho universytetu. Mystetstvoznavstvо – Bulletin of the Precarpathian University. Art history, № 17-18, 3-15 [in Ukrainian].
Tokarchuk, L. (2016). Modest Levytskyi u Lutsku (1927-1932) [Modest Levitsky in Lutsk (1927-1932)]. Mynule i suchasne Volyni ta Polissia. Modest Levytskyi v istorii Ukrainy i Volyni ta problemy formuvannia intelektualnoi elity – Past and present of Volyn and Polissya. Modest Levitsky in the history of Ukraine and Volyn and the problems of forming an intellectual elite: nauk. zb. Materialiv Vseukr. nauk. istoryko-kraieznavchoi konf., prysviachenoi 150-richchiu vid dnia narodzhennia vidomoho ukrainskoho pysmennyka, pedahoha, derzhavnoho i hromadskoho diiacha Modesta Levytskoho (1866-1932) / uporiad. A. Syliuk. Lutsk, vyp. 60, 48-56 [in Ukrainian].
Fuchs, J. (2013). Operní recitál Eduarda Hakena. Retrieved from: https://operaplus.cz/operni-recital-eduarda-hakena/ [in Slovak].
Ellederová, B. (2010). Krasne hlasy. Část 7. Eduard Haken. Retrieved from: http://opera-puls.blogspot.com/2010/03/krasne-hlasy-cast-7-eduard-haken.html [in Slovak].
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors published in this journal agree to the following terms:
a) The authors reserve the right to author their work and grant the journal the right to first publish this work under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows others to freely distribute the published work with a mandatory link to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work therein magazine.
b) Authors have the right to enter into separate additional agreements regarding the non-exclusive distribution of the work in the form in which it was published by this journal (for example, posting work in an electronic repository of the institution or publishing as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work is maintained therein. magazine.
c) Journal policy permits and encourages the submission of manuscripts by the authors on the Internet (for example, in repositories of institutions or on personal websites), both prior to submitting this manuscript to the editorial board and as it contributes to the emergence of productive scientific discussion, and has a positive impact on the promptness and dynamics of citing a published work (see The Effect of Open Access).