Annotating and abstracting as methods of teaching a foreign language in agricultural universities
Keywords:annotation, abstracting, foreign language sources, reading as a type of foreign language speech activity, competences, skills formation, annotation types
The article raises the issue of the importance to form the skills of annotating and abstracting foreign language texts in order to obtain the information necessary for future specialists in their professional activities. The need for the ability to work with dictionary and reference literature is emphasized. The article describes the motives that make future technical and legal professionals learn to find the necessary information and use it by annotating various professional scientific, technical and legal literature. The author points to the necessity of forming the summarization skills for obtaining the information from foreign scientific and technical sources. The motives that make future specialists in the technical and legal field learn to find the necessary information and obtain it by annotating scientific and technical literature are presented. The reasons that motivate and teach future technical and legal professionals to quickly find and annotate the necessary information from the scientific literature are listed. It is meant that the annotation is a short description of the work, the printed article and the manuscript. It is a brief descriptive characteristic of the primary source. An abstract answers the question of what the primary source of information says. It is proved that abstracting allows to identify the level of understanding of the text by students, the ability to reproduce the text briefly, highlighting the main content with the help of keywords.
It is emphasized that annotation of foreign language texts is a specialized type of speech activity of the abstract genre, closely related to reading and writing, which results in analytical and synthetic processing of the information provided. Mastering the skills of annotation leads to a significant increase in the level of foreign language knowledge: it allows you to quickly navigate in special literature.
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