METHODICAL ASPECTS OF ECOLOGICAL AND VALEOLOGICAL EDUCATION OF JUNIOR SCHOOLCHILDREN WITH SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS
Keywords:junior schoolchildren with special educational needs, the methods of ecological and valeological education of the children with special educational needs, the means of pedagogical interaction, health-preserving technologies
The article is devoted to the methodical aspects of ecological and valeological education of junior schoolchildren with special educational needs. The methods of ecological and valeological education as well as the means of pedagogical interaction with the schoolchildren are determined, which contribute to the formation of their ecological consciousness, competence, and culture, considering individual features (age, psycho-physiological ones). The methods of development of ecological consciousness in the children with special educational needs aimed at mastering ecological ideas and ecological-ethical concepts and norms, the methods of formation of ecologically balanced behaviour, as well as the methods of stimulating moral feelings and motives of behaviour are specified. The means of ecological and valeological education of the schoolchildren with the peculiarities in mental development are specified: direct communication with nature (admiring nature, excursions, some natural therapeutic methods, etc.); inclusion in various subject-practical activities (ecological and valeological games, collective creative work, ecological projects, environmental actions, practical works); activation of cognitive interest by artistic means (folklore and oral folk art, musical works, presentations and educational films, feature films, fiction, fine arts, fairy tales, etc.). It is proved that for the education of ecological and valeological culture in the schoolchildren with special educational needs, it is advisable to primarily develop emotional, value and sensory spheres with the help of outlined methods of ecological consciousness development, the methods of forming ecologically balanced behaviour, and the methods of stimulating moral feelings and motives. The defined methodical aspects of ecological and valeological education in junior schoolchildren with special educational needs enable to effectively implement the ecological education in an inclusive environment and fulfil their purpose – to help the schoolchildren with special educational needs to develop personality potential, social rehabilitation and self-realization, to act ecologically competently and safely for promoting the sustainable development of their homeland and their own well-being.
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