THEORETICAL AND RESEARCH ASPECTS OF THE PROBLEM OF IMPROVING THE PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL SPHERE IN THE TEACHER'S PEDAGOGICAL ACTIVITY
Keywords:pedagogical activity, teacher, personal sphere, professional sphere, self-improvement, cognitive component, activity component
The relevance of the outlined problem is determined by modern innovative transformations in the field of education. The article presents theoretical and research aspects of the problem of development and improvement of personal and professional spheres in the teacher's pedagogical activity. The role of the teacher's personal sphere is substantiated, pedagogical orientation in particular, socially and professionally the most significant personality traits are singled out, namely: social responsibility, love for the child, love for one's profession, humanism, benevolence, sociability; corresponding professional qualities include: theoretical and methodical training by profession, psychological-pedagogical and theoretical-practical preparation, development of pedagogical skills. An important role in the self-improvement of a teacher is played by such a cognitive component as knowledge that forms the foundation of continuous self-development and professional and pedagogical education. The philosophy of anthropocentrism as a new quality of innovative thinking of a person, which surpasses the established standards of mind frame of past eras, appears as the methodological basis of knowledge about a person. An activity component has been identified, which includes pedagogical skills and mastery of the methods and techniques of teaching and upbringing, based on the conscious use of psychological-pedagogical and methodical knowledge. The active component includes such components as gnostic, projective, constructive, communicative, organizational. The research aspect involves conducting a pedagogical experiment to identify, in particular, the dynamics of the formation of the components of the activity component in the process of training future teachers in higher education institutions. As a result of the experiment, through the introduction of the appropriate model and technology, there were changes in the levels of formation of professional skills in educational work according to students' self-assessment. The graduates' orientation towards further professional self-improvement and self-development is also traced. All this testifies to the students' readiness for future independent work to improve their personal and professional qualities, knowledge, and skills. A comparative analysis of the data obtained at the beginning and after the completion of the formative experiment made it possible to identify positive changes in the levels of productivity of students' training to improve the personal and professional spheres of students in the experimental and control groups. Thus, the analysis of scientific literature and the conducted experiment testify to the effectiveness of the developed model and technology in improving personal and professional spheres in the pedagogical activity of an elementary school teacher. Several problems have been identified that require further research by taking into account the current situation in Ukrainian society: the pandemic and martial law.
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