BUILDING A CONNECTION BETWEEN INDIVIDUAL TRAINING OPPORTUNITIES DURING EDUCATION AT HIGH SCHOOL FOR ATHLETES OF THE NATIONAL TABLE TENNIS TEAM
Keywords:pedagogical principles, table tennis, cardiovascular system, 2functional state, long-term training, sportsmanship, individual capabilities
Sports training is a process of sports improvement, guided by scientific and especially pedagogical principles, the purpose of which is to bring the athlete to high and record-breaking results in this sport through a planned and systematic effect on the capabilities and preparedness of the athlete. The causes of overexertion syndrome can be changes in the individual capabilities of athletes. There are different ways of myocardial adaptation processes. The less trained athletes in table tennis (1 category), the greater the risk of stress on the cardiovascular and muscular system. The table tennis team of candidates for masters of sports has a positive trend to increase the rating from 50-59 units (this is the number of points scored, if the athlete wins the competition, as an indicator of the athlete's skill), which indicates a stability to stressful situations and increased sports performance in this group of athletes. Thus, the connection is traced between technical training and sportsmanship in general. It is recommended to further study the psycho-emotional state of athletes and compare it with the functional capabilities of the body during the educational and training process in HEI (Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas).
The author's complex of therapeutic exercises was developed, as well as constant pedagogical control over the functional state of athletes, which consists in correcting the work of the musculoskeletal system directly by the trainer and preventing injuries. Quantitative and qualitative criteria for assessing the impact and correction of functional status on the relationship of individual capabilities of athletes in table tennis with injuries at different stages of long-term training, using a set of author's exercises. Only the reaction of the heart rate can be considered a reliable indicator of training. The main tasks - the absolute using of tools that can cause a rapid restructuring of the adaptation processes of athletes and individualization of training in the process of educational activities. The priority is in rational construction of sports training, adhering to its basic pedagogical principles, including the principle of eliminating risk factors for sports injuries.
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