THE USE OF HUMOROUS MEDIA PRODUCTS AT PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND PRIMARY SCHOOLS
Keywords:humorous media products, media tools, multifunctional media tools, sense of humor, senior preschoolers, primary school students
The article reflects the description of application of humorous media products at preschool educational institutions and primary schools from the perspective of the analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature. Humorous media products are viewed as multifunctional media tools used for the development of motivation, thinking, imagination, creativity and communication skills in children. Besides, they serve for the leisure time organization purposes, national-patriotic and moral education, health saving, pedagogical diagnostics, as well as for preventive purposes, in particular to prevent aggressive behavior. Also, the use of humorous media products is considered to be an effective way to reduce the level of stress and anxiety in children in the challenging conditions of military invasion.
Frequency of application of humorous media products in the interaction with children by the primary school teachers and kindergarten teachers has been diagnosed and analyzed. There have been defined the ways to improve training of future primary school teachers and kindergarten teachers at the institutions of higher education considering the application of humorous media products. They include the following forms: lectures "The problem of humor in the history of pedagogy", "Using humorous media tools for the preschoolers speech development", "Formation of transition skills of primary school students by means analysis of media with humorous potential", "Laughter therapy and health saving of preschool and primary school age children", "Humor therapy in work with children in crisis situations" in the course of study of the disciplines: "Actual problems of preschool education", "Organization of preschoolers game activities", "Introduction to pedagogy”, "Pedagogical technologies at primary school", etc.; methods: interactive, game, project; means: visual (books, periodicals), audial (audio fairy tales, etc.), audiovisual (cartoons).
Ideas worth to be used at preschool educational institutions and primary schools have been identified. They refer formation of children’s ability to distinguish between jokes and mockery; make jokes only in appropriate situation; to reveal the comic and the serious, the fictional and the real in humorous media products.
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