leisure time, leisure activity, healthy lifestyle, free time, concepts of leisure, principles of organization of leisure activities, forms of leisure activities


The article describes the theoretical aspects of the organization of leisure time and leisure activities. Based on the analysis of scientific sources, it has been proven that meaningful leisure is one of the components of a healthy lifestyle. The impact of the organization of leisure time on the moral and psychological climate in society, its cultural level, and the physical and moral health of the population is analyzed. It was concluded that meaningful leisure and socially oriented leisure activities are not only components, but also factors of a healthy lifestyle.

It was noted that the organization of recreational activities has an extraordinary influence on the formation of personality, and the comprehensive and harmonious development of a person is not only a high social ideal, but also a necessary condition for solving the tasks of today's society.

An attempt was made to implement objective and functional approaches in considering leisure and leisure activities. The implementation of the obgective approach made it possible to determine the content component of leisure time, to highlight the main concepts of leisure time and its principles. The functional approach contributed to focusing attention on the functions of leisure time in the life of a person and society (recreational, entertainment, educational) and factors influencing a person's choice of various forms of leisure activity. Emphasis is placed on the expansion of the scale and qualitative improvement of cultural and educational activities, and the necessity of giving priority to those forms of leisure that stimulate human creative activity, are saturated with intellectual search game and competition, and are capable of forming positive personality qualities.

Further research of the problem of organizing leisure activities in the process of forming a healthy lifestyle will be aimed at finding new, more effective combinations of content, forms, methods and means, functions and principles of leisure that meet the demands of modern society, interests and needs of different age groups.


Byelec`ka, I.V., (2009). Cinnisni oriyentaciyi u sferi dozvillya suchasnoyi molodi [Value orientations in the leisure sphere of modern youth]. Visnyk LNU im. T. Shevchenka – Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko Luhansk National University, № 17 (180), ch. II, 58-68 [in Ukrainian].

Bochelyuk, V.J., & Bochelyuk, V.V. (2006). Dozvillyeznavstvo: navch. posib. [Leisure studies: education manual]. Kyiv: Centr navchal`noyi literatury, 208 [in Ukrainian].

Bojko, Yu. (2017). Pedahohichni ta aksiolohichni aspekty ponyattya "ustanovka do zdorovoho sposobu zhyttya" students`koyi molodi pedahohichnyh VNZ [Pedagogical and axiological aspects of the concept of "adjustment to a healthy lifestyle" of student youth of pedagogical universities]. Problemy pidhotovky suchasnoho vchytelya – Problems of Modern Teacher Training, vyp. 16, 17-27. Retrieved from: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/ppsv_2017_16_4 [in Ukrainian].

Busel, V.T. (Ed.). (2004). Velykyj tlumachnyj slovnyk suchasnoyi ukrayins`koyi movy [Dictionary of Modern Ukrainian Language]. Irpin`: VTF "Perun", 1425 [in Ukrainian].

Volovyk, A., & Volovyk, V. (1999). Pedahohika dozvillya: pidruchnyk. [Pedagogy of leisure: a textbook]. Harkiv: HDAK, 332 [in Ukrainian].

Kirsanov, V.V. (2004). Do vyznachennya predmeta rekreaciyi v konteksti pedahohichnyh problem dozvillya [To define the subject of recreation in the context of pedagogical problems of leisure time]. Visnyk knyzhkovoyi palaty – Bulletin of the Book Chamber, № 9, 37 [in Ukrainian].

Petrova, I.V. (2005). Dozvillya v zarubizhnyh krayinah: navchal`nyj posibnyk [Leisure in foreign countries: study guide.]. Kyiv: Kondor, 408 [in Ukrainian].

Picha, V.M. (1990). Problema vil`noho chasu suchasnyx promyslovyx pracivnykiv (kul`tura vil`noho chasu) [The problem of free time of modern industrial workers]. L"viv: Svit, 152 [in Ukrainian].

Salamaha, O.Ye., & Chehovs`ka, H.Yu., (2021). Rol` kul`turno-dozvillyevoyi diyal`nosti u formuvanni zdorovoho sposobu zhyttya students`koyi molodi [The role of cultural and leisure activities in the formation of a healthy lifestyle of student youth]. Naukovyj chasopys Nacional`noho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni M.P. Drahomanova. Seriya 15. Naukovo-pedahohichni problemy fizychnoyi kul"tury (fizychna kul`tura i sport) – Naukowyi chasopys National pedagogical Dragomanov university. Series 15. Scientific and pedagogical problems of physical culture (physical culture and sports), 11(143), 135-138 [in Ukrainian].

Zvyeryeva, I. (Ed.) (2004). Formy orhanizaciyi dozvillya ditej ta molodi: metod. materialy do treninhu [Forms of organization of children's and youth's leisure time]. Kyiv: Naukovyj svit, 58 [in Ukrainian].

Cymbalyuk, N.M., (2000). Orhanizaciya ta metodyka kul`turno-dozvillyevoyi diyal`nosti [Organization and methods of cultural and leisure activities]. Kyiv: DAKKKiM, 145 [in Ukrainian].

Lin, Y.-S., Huang, W.-S., Yang, C.-T., & Chiang, M.-J. (2014). Work leisure conflict and its associations with well-being: the roles of social support, leisure participation and job burnout. Tourism Manage. 45:244–52. DOI: 10.1016/j.tourman.2014.04.004 [in English].

Sonnentag, S. (2018). The recovery paradox: portraying the complex interplay between job stressors, lack of recovery, poor well-being. Res Organiz Behav. 38:169–85. DOI: 10.1016/j.riob.2018.11.002 [in English].