DOI: https://doi.org/10.35433/pedagogy.3(98).2019.22-33

Substantiation of the professional competence structure of biology teacher at specialized school

R. К. Melnychenko

Анотація


The article deals with the concept of professional competence of the Biology teacher at profession-oriented school. On the basis of the analysis of educational and professional programs of Biology teacher training at the institutions of higher education in Ukraine, such components as integral, general and professional are distinguished in the structure of their professional competence. At the intersection of general competences (provide the opportunity for professional pedagogical activity) and professional (reflect the features of the field of Biology, modern methods and teaching Biology techniques), specialized professional competence of the Biology teacher at upper secondary school is formed. According to the author, it is a dynamic integrated system of theoretical knowledge, practical skills, emotions, motives, attitudes, values and experience of the individual, which provides successful implementation of daily professional educational activities in terms of profile organization of training. Motivational-value, cognitive, activity and personality-reflexive components are distinguished, criteria and indicators of their formation are determined in the structure of the professional competence of the teacher at the specialized school. The survey results of Biology teachers of Zhytomyr region, students of bachelor's and master's degrees of higher education, different universities of Ukraine are presented in the paper. The study confirmed the positive perception of the specialized education introduction by the pedagogical community and the lack of internal motivation and willingness of teachers to implement it. The results of the experiment ascertaining stage demonstrated the necessity for continuous professional training of Biology teachers to work in a specialized upper secondary school; introduction of changes in the system of teacher training in institutions of higher and postgraduate pedagogical education. Study of the cognitive and operational activity components of the professional competence of bachelors, masters, and Biology teachers revealed that among all categories of respondents, specialized knowledge about the organization of specialized education in upper secondary school is the worst formed; realization of scientific, research, career guidance work; methods of differentiated teaching in classes of various specializations and profiles. It is difficult to work with creative, gifted students, organize their participation in competitions, contests, research projects. Students, according to self-assessment, consider their own biological, research, methodological knowledge and skills to be formed insufficiently. Moreover, at the levemaster’s degreel quantity of individuals with sufficient and high level of this component of professional competence increases. Many teachers find it difficult to preserve and maintain their own health; the use of innovative pedagogical techniques, especially information and computer technologies.


Ключові слова


professional competence; content and structure of professional competence of the Biology teacher; professional education programs; bachelors; masters; Biology teachers; specialized education; profession-oriented upper secondary school; continuous teacher training.

Повний текст:

PDF

Посилання


Bolonskiy protsess: seredina puti (2005). [The Bologna process: the middle of the road]. Moskva: Issledovatelskiy tsentr problem kachestva podgotovki spetsialistov, Rossiyskiy Novyiy Universitet [Moscow: Research Center for Quality Problems of Training Specialists, New Russian University] [in Russian].

Zakon Ukrainy "Pro vyshchu osvitu" (2014). [The Law of Ukraine "On Higher Education"]. Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady, № 37-38, st. 2004 (zi zminamy zghidno Zakonu № 2745-VIII vid 06.06.2019), [as amended by Law № 2745-VIII dated 06/06/2019] [in Ukrainian].

M. Kunter, Th. Kleickmann, U. Klusmann, D. Richter. The Development of Teachers’ Professional Competence. URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/257326798_The_Development_of_Teachers'_Professional_Competence/ (Last accessed: 25.08.2019) [in English].

Onipko V. V. (2011). Profesiina pidhotovka vchytelia pryrodnychykh dystsyplin do roboty u profilnii shkoli [Professional training of natural science teacher to work in specialized school]. Poltava: PNPU names V. G. Korolenko [in Ukrainian]

Postanova Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 23 lystopada 2011 r. № 1341 "Pro zatverdzhennia Natsionalnoi ramky kvalifikatsii" (v redaktsii postanovy Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 12 chervnia 2019 r. № 509 zi zminamy u dodatku) [Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated November 23, 2011 № 1341 "On Approval of the National Qualifications Framework" (as amended by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated June 12, 2019 №. 509, as amended)] URL: https: //zakon.rada .gov.ua / laws / show / 509-2019-% D0% BF (Last accessed: 09/09/2019) [in Ukrainian].

Profesiina pedahohichna osvita: kompetentnisnyi pidkhid: monohrafiia, za red. O. A. Dubaseniuk (2011) [Professional pedagogical education: competence approach: monograph. red. O. A. Dubaseniuk]. Zhytomyr : Vyd-vo ZhDU im. I. Franka [in Ukrainian].

Sotnichenko I. I. (2009). Pidhotovka vchyteliv pryrodnychykh dystsyplin do profilnoho navchannia starshoklasnykiv u systemi pidvyshchennia kvalifikatsii [Natural Sciences Teachers Preparation For Specialized Education Of Upper Secondary School Students In The System Of Advanced Training]: avtoref. dys... kand. ped. nauk [extended abstract of dissertation... Cand. Ped. Sciences]: 13.00.04; Kyiv. 20 p. [in Ukrainian].

Tuning Educational Structures in Europe. A Tuning Guide to Formulating Degree Programme Profiles, URL: http://tuningacademy.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/A-Guide-to-Formulating-DPP_EN.pdf (Last accessed: 30.08.2019) [in English].

Shapran Yu. P. (2013). Formuvannia profesiinoi kompetentnosti maibutnikh uchyteliv biolohii: monohrafiia [Formation of Professional Competence of Future Biology Teachers: monograph]. Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi: Publishing House of KVS [in Ukrainian].


Посилання

  • Поки немає зовнішніх посилань.


ISSN: 2663-6387 print

ISSN: 2664-0155 online